Climate Change Resources

for Teachers, Policymakers, and Citizens.

Colorado Science Standards for Climate and Energy

Topics that address "Climate" in the new Colorado Science Standards:

Grade Level Expectation High School (General):

Physical Science 3: Matter can change form through chemical or nuclear reactions abiding by the laws of conservation of mass and energy.

Physical Science 4: Atoms bond in different ways to form molecules and compounds that have definite properties.

Earth Science 1: The history of the universe, solar system and Earth can be inferred from evidence left from past events.

Earth Science 2: As part of the solar system, Earth interacts with various extraterrestrial forces and energies such as gravity, solar phenomena, electromagnetic radiation, and impact events that influence the planet’s geosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere in a variety of ways.

Earth Science 3: The theory of plate tectonics helps explain geological, physical, and geographical features of Earth.

Earth Science 4: Climate is the result of energy transfer among interactions of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.

Earth Science 6: The interaction of Earth's surface with water, air, gravity, and biological activity causes physical and chemical changes.

Earth Science 7: Natural hazards have local, national and global impacts such as volcanoes, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and thunderstorms.

Grade Level Expectation (Eighth Grade):

Physical Science 3: Distinguish between physical and chemical changes, noting that mass is conserved during any change.

Life Science 1: Human activities can deliberately or inadvertently alter ecosystems and their resiliency.

Earth Science 1: Weather is a result of complex interactions of Earth's atmosphere, land and water, that are driven by energy from the sun, and can be predicted and described through complex models.

Earth Science 2: Earth has a variety of climates defined by average temperature, precipitation, humidity, air pressure, and wind that have changed over time in a particular location.

Grade Level Expectation (Seventh Grade):

Earth Science 2: Geologic time, history, and changing life forms are indicated by fossils and successive sedimentation, folding, faulting, and uplifting of layers of sedimentary rock.

Grade Level Expectation (Sixth Grade):

Physical Science 2: Atoms may stick together in well-defined molecules or be packed together in large arrays. Different arrangements of atoms into groups compose all substances.

Physical Science 3: The physical characteristics and changes of solid, liquid, and gas states can be explained using the particulate model.

Life Science 1: Changes in environmental conditions can affect the survival of individual organisms, populations, and entire species.

Earth Science 2: Water on Earth is distributed and circulated through oceans, glaciers, rivers, ground water, and the atmosphere.

Grade Level Expectation (Fifth Grade):

Earth Science 2: Earth's surface changes constantly through a variety of processes and forces.

Earth Science 3: Weather conditions change because of the uneven heating of Earth's surface by the Sun's energy. Weather changes are measured by differences in temperature, air pressure, wind and water in the atmosphere and type of precipitation.

Grade Level Expectation (Fourth Grade):

Life Science 3: There is interaction and interdependence between and among living and nonliving components of ecosystem.

Grade Level Expectation (Second Grade):

Life Science 1: Organisms depend on their habitat’s nonliving parts to satisfy their needs.

Earth Science 1: Weather and the changing seasons impact the environment and organisms such as humans, plants, and other animals.

Grade Level Expectation (Kindergarten):

Earth Science 1: The Sun provides heat and light to Earth.

Grade Level Expectation (Preschool):

Earth Science 2: Events such as night, day, the movement of objects in the sky, weather, and seasons have patterns.

Topics that address "Energy Awareness" in the new Colorado Science Standards:

Grade Level Expectation High School (General):

Physical Science 5: Energy exists in many forms such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, radiant, thermal, and nuclear, that can be quantified and experimentally determined.

Physical Science 6: When energy changes form, it is neither created not destroyed; however, because some is necessarily lost as heat, the amount of energy available to do work decreases.

Life Science 1: Matter tends to be cycled within an ecosystem, while energy is transformed and eventually exits an ecosystem.

Life Science 4: The energy for life primarily derives from the interrelated processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Photosynthesis transforms the sun’s light energy into the chemical energy of molecular bonds. Cellular respiration allows cells to utilize chemical energy when these bonds are broken.

Earth Science 5: There are costs, benefits, and consequences of exploration, development, and consumption of renewable and nonrenewable resources.

Grade Level Expectation (Eighth Grade):

Physical Science 2: There are different forms of energy, and those forms of energy can be changed from one form to another - but total energy is conserved.

Life Science 4: Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are important processes by which energy is acquired and utilized by organisms.

Grade Level Expectation (Sixth Grade):

Life Science 2: Organisms interact with each other and their environment in various ways that create a flow of energy and cycling of matter in an ecosystem.

Earth Science 3: Earth's natural resources provide the foundation for human society's physical needs. Many natural resources are nonrenewable on human timescales, while others can be renewed or recycled.

Grade Level Expectation (Fifth Grade):

Earth Science 1: Earth and sun provide a diversity of renewable and nonrenewable resources.

Grade Level Expectation (Fourth Grade):

Physical Science 1: Energy comes in many forms such as light, heat, sound, magnetic, chemical, and electrical.

Life Science 3: There is interaction and interdependence between and among living and nonliving components of ecosystems.

Grade Level Expectation (Third Grade):

Earth Science 1: Earth's materials can be broken down and/or combined into different materials such as rocks, minerals, rock cycle, formation of soil, and sand - some of which are usable resources for human activity.